Falkenberg: Air Base

Alt Lönnewitz, Аэродром Фалькенберг (ГДР)

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N513248 E0131259 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 285 ft
Location Indicator: EDUF

Location

Former East Germany, District of Cottbus;
today Federal State of Brandenburg.
Germany during the Cold War
Map

General

Falkenberg airfield came into existence in the 1930s as Alt Lönnewitz air base. After the war, the field was used and continously extended by the Soviet Air Force. Last unit at Falkenberg was the 31st Guards Fighter Regiment with MiG-29 and MiG-23UB.
After the withdrawal of the Russian troops in the early 1990s, it became the special airfield Falkenberg/Lönnewitz EDUF. The runway was shortened to 1200 m (3,937 ft). Today, large portions of the area are used as solar park.

Location of airfield

2 km south-southwest of Falkenberg.

During World War II

Usage

Luftwaffe airfield (Alt-Lönnewitz).

Situation

Falkenberg Air Base in World War II on a US map from 194x - (McMaster University Library Digital Archive, License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 CC BY-NC 2.5 CA /MULDA/)

Overview

Falkenberg / Alt Lonnewitz airfield on a US map from 1952 - (AMS M841 GSGS 4414, Courtesy Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University /BYU/)

During the Cold War

Usage

Soviet fighter base until 1992.

In the 1950s

Units

Units in 1954

- Headquarters Soviet ground attack division
- Soviet ground attack regiment (P. O. Box 62 326),
- A total of 14 MiG-15/MiG-15U were counted at the airfield.
Source: BND/Bundesarchiv B 206/3033
(For the P. O. Box numbers the digits 3 and 5 may be confused, because they are difficult to distinguish in the source document)

In the 1960s

History

  • September 1966
    A USMLM team observed modified missile launching rails on a FISHBED D from Alt Lönnewitz. The same rails had been earlier observed on a FISHBED F.
    Source: /USMLM 1966/

In the 1970s

Situation

Falkenberg Air Base on a map of the US Department of Defense from 1972 - (ONC E-2 (1972), Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin /PCL MC/)

In the 1980s and early 1990s

Runways

During the 1980s:
  • 08/26: 3000 m x 60 m Concrete
  • 08/26: 2200 m x 60 m Grass south of the hard surfaced runway

Radio beacons

In 1989/1990:
  • RSBN: CH 34 "BL", N513300 E0131327 (S42/83?)
  • LOM 26: 462 "BL", 3910 m to threshold 26
  • LMM 26: 938 "B", 1070 m to threshold 26
  • LOM 08: 462 "BL", 4130 m to threshold 08
  • LMM 08: 938 "S", 850 m to threshold 08

Radio communication

The radio call sign was BAIKAL (БАЙКАЛ).

Standard training routes

"Flüge der LSK/LV der NVA und der LSK der GSSD im Rahmen der Gefechtsausbildung sind entsprechend der Grafik der Flugtage / -nächte auf der Grundlage der "Hauptflugregeln zum Fliegen im Luftraum der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik" auf Standardflugstrecken in den dazu festgelegten Flughöhen durchzuführen. ..." (Quelle: "Verzeichnis der Standardflugstrecken der LSK/LV der NVA und der LSK der GSSD"
As of 1989:
283 Falkenberg, Soellichau, Schoenewalde, Finsterwalde, Falkenberg
Altitude: 600 - 1200 m, from abeam Sonnenwalde 1200 m
Interception leg: Kemberg, Schoenewalde, Sonnenwalde
283a (during flying activities at Holzdorf Air Base)
Falkenberg, Finsterwalde, Meissen, Groeditz, Falkenberg
Altitude: 600 - 1850 m
Interception leg: Finsterwalde, Meissen
284 Falkenberg, Soellichau, Schoenewalde, Falkenberg
Altitude: 600 - 1200 m
Interception leg: Kemberg, Schoenewalde
285 Falkenberg, Soellichau, Schoenewalde, Golssen, Baruth, Heidehof range, Markendorf, Falkenberg
Altitude: enroute to the range 600 - 1200 m, on return 4250 m (climb above the range)
285a (during flying activities at Holzdorf Air Base)
Falkenberg, Sonnewalde, Luckau, position 3 km south of Baruth, Heidehof range, Finsterwalde, Falkenberg
Altitude: enroute to the range 300 - 1200 m; on return 4250 m (in coordination with Brand Command Post)
287 Falkenberg, Soellichau, Schoenewalde, Finsterwalde, Glaubitz, Belgern range, Falkenberg
Altitude: 600 - 1200 m, from abeam Sonnewalde 1200 m
287a (during flying activities at Holzdorf Air Base)
Falkenberg, Finsterwalde, Meissen, Muehlberg, Belgern range, Falkenberg
Altitude: 600 - 1200 m
288 Falkenberg, Bitterfeld, Soemmerda, Meissen, Falkenberg
Altitude: 8550 - 9450 m, 11900 - 18000 m
Interception leg: Apolda, Meissen
Climb: Bitterfeld
Descend: Meissen

Units

31 GwIAP: MiG-29, MiG-29UB, MiG-23UB

Installations

Railway siding from Falkenberg to the northern part of the airfield.
Locator / Outer Marker East: north of Beiersdorf,
Locator / Middle Marker East: ca. 1000 m east of threshold 26,
Locator / Outer Marker West: ca. 700 m northeast of Nichtewitz,
Locator / Middle Marker West: ca. 800 m west of old threshold 08.
Anti-aircraft missile site north of Kathewitz.

History

  • 1988
    Observation by the US Military Liaison Mission: "This year, the (Tupolev Tu-22M) BACKFIRE deployed into Falkenberg Soviet Airfield twice, in March and August 1988. Both times, close-up still photography and video coverage of its landings and take-offs were acquired. This coverage offers a rare glimpse of the non-naval bombers."
    Source: /USMLM 1988/
  • March 10th, 1988
    Observation of A-50 MAINSTAY by the British Military Liaison Mission BRIXMIS in Falkenberg.
    Source: /USMLM 1988/

Images

Tupolev Tu-22M BACKFIRE B at Falkenberg (1988):
Source: /USMLM 1988/

Today

Usage

Special airfield.

Links

  • /BYU/:
    http://lib.byu.edu/collections/german-maps/ - German Maps (Topographische Karte 1:25,000)
  • http://www.history.hqusareur.army.mil/uslmannual.htm (offline): USMLM Unit History 1966 - Sichtung von MiG-21 Fishbed D mit modifizierten Raketenaufhängungen
  • http://www.history.hqusareur.army.mil/uslmannual.htm (offline): USMLM Unit History 1969 - Erstsichtung einer MiG-21 Fishbed F in Falkenberg; Notiz zu einer Übung auf dem Schießplatz Belgern
  • http://www.history.hqusareur.army.mil/uslmannual.htm (offline): USMLM Unit History 1972 - Notiz zur Verlegung von 34 MiG-21 Fishbed D und F aus Falkenberg auf den Flugplatz Cochstedt am 09.06.1972
  • http://www.history.hqusareur.army.mil/uslmannual.htm (offline): USMLM Unit History 1973 - Falkenberg hat die MiG-21 Fishbed F aus Jüterbog und Damgarten erhalten; Umrüstung einer Staffel auf MiG-23
  • http://www.history.hqusareur.army.mil/uslmannual.htm (offline): USMLM Unit History 1975 - Bewaffnung der MiG-23 Flogger B mit AA-7 und AA-8; erstes Foto einer tarnfarbenen Flogger B
  • http://www.history.hqusareur.army.mil/uslmannual.htm (offline): USMLM Unit History 1978 - Notiz und Bild zur Verlegung von bewaffneten Flogger
  • Sachsenbunker
  • http://www.eduf.info/ - Flugplatz Falkenberg/Lönnewitz EDUF

Bibliography

  • Ries, Karl; Dierich, Wolfgang: "Fliegerhorste und Einsatzhäfen der Luftwaffe" Motorbuch Verlag Stuttgart, 1993 - Allied maps
  • Freundt, Lutz: "Sowjetische Fliegerkräfte in Deutschland 1945-1994, Band 1" Freundt Eigenverlag, Diepholz 1998 - Description, areal picture, map
  • /USMLM 1988USMLM 1988/:
    United States Military Liaison MissionUnited States Military Liaison Mission: "Unit History 1988Unit History 1988"

Airfields in the vicinity

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