Kleinköris: Airfield

Löpten, Klein Köris

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N520852 E0134254 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 40 m / 135 ft
Operator: NVA LSK/LV
Airfield ID: 2071

Location

Federal State of Brandenburg.
Map with location of Klein Koeris airfield
Germany during the Cold War
Map

General

Kleinköris airfield was put to operation in 1969. It was used as a reserve airfield for Fighter Wing 7 (JG-7) of the former East German Air Force (NVA LSK/LV), which was based at Drewitz Air Base. Training took place in strength of a squadron about 4 to 5 times a year. The field was also used by the helicopter unit of the former German People's Police (Deutsche Volkspolizei, VP).
In 1990 the airfield was closed and temporarily used as storage area for East German weapon systems, e.g. tanks. In 2007, one more time aircraft were flown in Kleinköris, when scenes for a historic film were taken here, including flights with a Junkers Ju-52.

Location of airfield

6 km northwest of Maerkisch Buchholz, 20 km southwest of Storkow.

During the Cold War

In the 1960s

Usage

The airfield was put into operation in 1969.

Situation

Map with East German Klein Koeris Loepten airfield in 1969
Kleinköris Airfield on a US map from 1969 - (Source: Earth Sciences and Map Library, University of California, Berkeley)

In the 1980s and early 1990s

Overview

Map of Kleinköris airfield
A, BTaxiway designator
(1)Flight line
(2)Dispersal for 4 aircrafts 1st flight
(3)Dispersal for 4 aircrafts 2nd flight
(4)Dispersal for 6 aircrafts 3rd flight
(5)Helicopter landing areas
(6)Control tower and command post
(7)Rescue unit
(8)Technical zone
(9)Direction finder
(10)Sprinkler system
(11)Jet barrier TFF-72
(12)De-arm area for main landing direction (de-arm in direction SE)
(13)De-arm area for secondary landing direction (de-arm in direction SE)
(14)Flood light positions
(15)Road barriers
(16)Tyre cleaning
(17)Support installations
(18)Overrun (earth) 250m x 175m
(19)Overrun (earth) 250m x 175m
(20)Fuel depot
(21)Prepared spot for GCA radar
Map of central and east Dispersal areas at Kleinköris airfield
Dispersal area east.
Map of central and west Dispersal areas at Kleinköris airfield
Dispersal area middle and west.

Runways

  • 08/26: 2350 m x 37,5 m Concrete-Bitumen / Grass / Concrete-Bitumen
  • 08/26: 2350 m x 2 x 50 m Grass
The main runway had a grass surface and paved touchdown zones. There was also a paved circular taxiway. This layout was typical for airstrips of the East German Air Force.
The airfield had a length of 2750 m (9022 ft) and a width of 250 m (820 ft). The distance between the runway and the circular taxiway - the northern safety zone - was 110 m (360 ft). In the south, the distance between the runway and the airfield limits - the southern safety zone - was 160 m (524 ft). The earth breaking areas were in a distance of 25 m (82 ft) from the runway thresholds.
The runway had a length of 2350 m (7709 ft) and a width of 37.5 m (123 ft). The touchdown zones were paved, 400 m (1312 ft) in the east and 100 m (328 ft) in the west. The surface was a bitumen-cement slurry. The part in between was grass. The emergency runway was to the south of the main runway. It had a length of 2350 m (7709 ft) and was made of two parts, each of 50 m (164 ft) width. The circular taxiway was also made of bitumen-cement slurry and had a width of 11,5 m (37 ft). The bearing capacity of the airfield was given with 9.5 .. 10 kp/cm2.
Elevation of the runway thresholds were: Threshold east 40.4 m, threshold west: 40.9 m
In main landing direction 260°, an arresting gear TFF-72 was installed, which could have been remotely operated by the flight director.
There were 3 helicopter landing spots:
1. At the group ramp of the flight line,
2. 50 m northeast of the runway and 400 m west of the touchdown point
3. 160 m south of the runway and 400 m west of the touchdown point.

Lights

Lighting during the 1980s:
- runway lighting system MLOK-2M (only in main landing direction)
- lighting for circular taxiway: MLOK-P
- coded identification beacon KNS 8
- 4 landing flood lights ARM-90
The emergency runway had no lighting. It was marked by red blankets.

Radio beacons

Data for the 1980s:
  • LOM 26: 713 "LI", 4000 m to threshold 26, Type: PAR-8ss
  • LMM 26: 168 "L", 750 m to threshold 26, Type: PAR-8ss
Radio beacons were deployed only in main landing direction 260°.
As common for Warsaw Pact forces, the idents of the radio beacons were derived from the first and the last character of the radio call sign. Here it was "LILLI".

Radar

Radar assistance in the area was to be provided by the Radar Company 413 (Funktechnische Kompanie 413, FuTK-413), as the airfield had no own radar. On the southern side of the airfield were earth mounds with ramps, maybe prepared to operate radar equipment.

Radio communication

The call sign of the airfield was "LILLI" with "LILLI START" for the tower and "LILLI PELENG" for the direction finder.
The direction finder was located at the field, not at the standard 1000m-point.
Equipment during the 1980s:
- Tower controller on SKP-9 mobile tower with radios R-824 and R-869,
- Technical room with 4 radios R-824,
- VHF direction finder ARP-6 with a R-824 radio.

Airspace and procedures

The chief of the local signals and air traffic control unit was the tower controller. During a deployment of aircrafts to the airfield, he had the task to assure the landing of the first aircraft. The first aircraft was a double-seater, which brought along the tower controller of the deploying unit. He took over the landings of all subsequent aircrafts.

Maps

Maps from the formerly secret East German document "Verzeichnis 012" ("Directory 012").
Kleinkoeris National People's army airfield: Map with airways and radio beacons
Situation
Departure routes
Locator approach for main landing direction 260°.
Locator approach for secondary landing direction 080°.

Units

For many years, the airfield belonged to the Fighter Wing 7 (Jagdgeschwader 7, JG-7). After disbanding this unit, the field was presumably assigned to Fighter Wing 1 (JG-1). The operating unit was the Reserve Airfield Detachment 7 (Feldflugplatzkommando 7, FFpK-7, post box 44131).
There were ca. 40 soldiers at the field, as guards and for operating the signals- and air traffic control equipment.

Real property

The airfield had the National People's Army installation ID 04/063.
The area was not fenced. The road to the nearby villages Löpten and Hammer as well as the road to Halbe could be closed by barriers.
There are some FB-3 bunkers at the area.

Today

Usage

Closed.

Images

The following pictures were taken in 2006 and were provided by Pille. Thank you very much for this extensive documentation!

Runways and Taxiways

Eastern end of runway at Kleinkoeris
Eastern end of the runway, looking west ...
... and looking north to the taxiway.
Kleinköris airfield western end of runway
Western end of the runway, looking east ...
... and looking north to the taxiway.
Taxiway at Klein Koeris
Taxiway parallel to the runway.
Flight ramp / flight line, looking east.
Dispersal area "East" (east of flight line)
Dispersal area "Center"

Control Tower

At Kleinköris, there was a solid building for the flight director. It was connected to a bunker.
Picture of tower at Klein Koeris
View from east
View from runway, from the south
View from west
Picture: Kleinkoeris airfield, access to the control tower
Access
Ascend
Inside
Looking east
Looking west

Access to the taxiways and ramps

Western access, looking south
Set-up area, looking north
Set-up area with access, looking west
Eastern access

Earth mounds

South of the runway were two mounds with ramps. They were probably prepared to house radar equipment.
Both earth mounds, as seen from the nothern side of the airfield.
Western earth mound, as seen from the eastern mound
Relics of a switchboard between the mounds

Fuel Depot

Access to the fuel depot, view from the east.
Building, view from the south
Building, view from the east
Building, view from the north
Water basin at the access, near the building

Shafts

There were 6 shafts on the area. Here are three of them:
A shaft outside ...
... and inside
Another shaft ...
... and from inside
Fountain from outside (1)
(2)
Fountain inside

Bunker

There were 12 bunkers FB-3 at the airfield:
Bunker FB-3, located immediately south of dispersal area "East".
Same bunker, entry ...
and inside view.
Picture bunker FB-3 at Klein Koeris
Nothern bunker FB-3 of dispersal area "East", view from west.
Kleinkoeris airfield FB-3 bunker
Bunker FB3 between flight line and tower, view from east.
Entry to this bunker.
Picture of shelter FB-3 at Klein Koeris airfield
Bunker FB-3 northwest of tower, view from east.
Klein Koeris airfield picture of shelter FB-3
Bunker FB-3 located west of dispersal area "Center".
Bunker within the "Technical Service Area"

Others

Shelder, south of the western runway end
Transformer building on the northern part of the airfield
One of 3 switchboards on the southern part of the airfield. It was located between the mounds and the western limit

Panoramic pictures of the airfield

The pictures were composed of multiple images, Because of the process, some artifacts and distortions are shown which do not exist in reality.
View from the tower, to the east (left) to west (right), composed of 6 images
Eastern end of the runway, looking west (left) to north (right). Composed of 3 images.
Panoramic view of the flight line. Looking east (left) to south (right). The "bump" right of the center does not really exist, it is an artifact from composing 3 images.

Links

  • http://www.history.hqusareur.army.mil/uslmannual.htm (offline): USMLM Unit History 1969 - Short notice from the USMLM concerning the construction of the Loepten airfield: "... but, to date, no flying activity has been observed ..."
  • Sachsenbunker

Bibliography

  • Bergner, Paul: "Atombunker im Kalten Krieg und das PROGRAMM DELPHIN" Heinrich-Jung-Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Zella-Mehlis/Meiningen, 2007 - Kurze Beschreibung des Flugplatzes. Allerdings erscheinen insbesondere die Ausführungen zu einer Freund-Feind-Kennung am Nahmarkierungspunkt hinterfragenswert.
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