Estonia: Air Bases and Military Airfields

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Cold War Airfields, by Bert Kondruss

13 entries
Ämari: Air Base
Aste: Airfield
Haapsalu: Air Base
Jägala: Highway Strip
Mustvee: Highway Strip
Nurmsi: Airfield
Obriku: Airfield
Pärnu: Air Base
Rakvere: Heliport
Rutja: Airfield
Tapa: Air Base
Tartu: Air Base
Vatla: Highway Strip

Ämari: Air Base

Amari, Vasalemma, Аэродром Змари

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N591535 E0241218 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location Indicator: EEEI

Use during the Cold War

Soviet air base (1990: Naval aviation with Su-24).

Current use

Military airfield.

Runways

  • 07/25: 2000 m x 45 m Concrete

Installations

Main runway in direction 07/25. Additional runway in direction north-south in the western part of the field. Originally it crossed the main runway, but this part has been removed in the recent years. Flight line in the southwest. Dispersal area with shelters in the north. A remote shelter area about 2 km south of the runway. In the southeast large parking pads. Obviously, there was no direct railway siding to the airfield; the next train station is Rummu, ca. 2 km to the south.

Links

Aste: Airfield

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N582142 E0222647 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 70 ft

Location of airfield

Island of Saaremaa.

Use during the Cold War

Reserve airfield?

Current use

Closed.

Runways

  • 17/35: ca. 2200 m Grass

Haapsalu: Air Base

Kiltsi, Аэродром Хаапсалу

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N585441 E0232922 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 15 ft

Use during the Cold War

Soviet Air Base (1990: 425 IAP MiG-23).

Current use

Closed.

Runways

  • 08/26: 2500 m

Installations

Obviously, the airfield had no direct railway siding. The next railway line is ca. 2 km to the north.

Links

Jägala: Highway Strip

Jagala Varava

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N592352 E0251727 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 130 ft

Location of airfield

3 km southeast of Jägala.

Current use

Closed.

Runways

  • 12/30: 2400 m

Installations

Large paved apron in the northwest, at the northern side of the road. At the southeastern part, Google Earth shows something that could have been an unpaved parking area (in the woods, south of the road).

Airfields in the vicinity

Mustvee: Highway Strip

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N584637 E0265506 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 115 ft

Location of airfield

Road Mustvee-Tartu, ca. 8 km south of Mustvee.

Current use

Closed.

Runways

  • 05/23: 2500 m

Installations

Two large paved aprons north and south of the road.

Airfields in the vicinity

Nurmsi: Airfield

Koigi, Аэродром Нурмси

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N585150 E0254356 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 225 ft

Location of airfield

Ca. 10 km east-southeast of Paide.

Use during the Cold War

Soviet reserve airfield.

Current use

Airfield.

Runways

  • 14/32: 4000 m x 255 m Grass

Installations

Long grass runway; parallel taxiways and parking areas, partly separated from the runway by trees.

Links

  • http://forums.eagle.ru/showthread.php?t=34216&page=10 (offline): Аварии и катастрофы военной авиации СССР - Crash of a Il-28 at Nurmsi airfield 21jan1972.
  • SLK - Club page with aerial picture.

Obriku: Airfield

Mustla, Torva North, Аэродром Обрику

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N581129 E0255646 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 195 ft

Location of airfield

7 km southwest of Mustla.

Use during the Cold War

Soviet reserve airfield.

Runways

  • 18/36: ca. 3000 m Grass

Pärnu: Air Base

Аэродром Пярну

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N582511 E0242826 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 47 ft
Location Indicator: EEPU

Location of airfield

Northwest of Pärnu.

Use during the Cold War

Soviet air base.

Current use

Civil airfield.

Runways

  • 03/21: 2500 m x 45 m

Units

655 IAP (655 ИАП) MiG-23 (1990).

Installations

Runway; extraordinary wide taxiways in the southwest and southeast, each ca. 1200 m long, maybe planned as auxillary runway; flightline in the west; shelter areas in the northwest, southwest and south; additional parking pads in the east. A Corona satellite picture from 16may1966 (DZB00402800027H008001) already shows the structure of runway and taxiway, like it can be found today. So it obviously didn't changed much since then.

Rakvere: Heliport

Rakwere, Раквере

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N592206 E0262121 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

North of Rakvere.

Use during the Cold War

Soviet helicopter base.

Current use

Closed.

Runways

  • 15/33 ?: 250 m ?

Additional information

"I was a little kid at that time and spent my summers quite close to that place admiring helicopters and parachute jumps. If I remember correctly, there was a small number of helicopters present in the beginning of 1990s, maybe 4 or 5, but don't take it as 100% truth.
I'm pretty sure some of the helicopters there were helicopters with coaxial rotors, most probably some kind of Kamovs."
Madis

Rutja: Airfield

Rakvere/Vainupaa, Аэродром Рутья

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N593213 E0261845 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 150 ft

Location of airfield

Ca. 12 km north-northwest of Kunda.

Use during the Cold War

Soviet reserve airfield.

Current use

Closed.

Runways

  • 05/23: 2500 m

Installations

Simple Layout: runway, parallel runway in the south, ramps.

Tapa: Air Base

Аэродром Тапа

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N591412 E0255715 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 330 ft

Location of airfield

3 km south of Tapa.

Use during the Cold War

Soviet air base.

Runways

  • 05/23: 2500 m

Units

656 IAP MiG-23 (1990).

Installations

Runway; 10 QRA positions in the west and in the east, immediately north of the runway (see pattern ); taxiway in the north; flightline in the northeast; shelter areas in the west and northeast; some open parking pads; railway connection in the north from Tapa.

Links

Tartu: Air Base

Raadi, Аэродром Тарту

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N582416 E0264626 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 200'

Location of airfield

Northeast of Tartu.

Use during the Cold War

Soviet airbase for long-range bombers transport aircraft.

Current use

Closed.

Runways

  • 09/27: 3000 m x 60 m Concrete

Units

132 TBAP: Tu-22M3, Tu-16 (1990).

Installations

Runway; main taxiway in the south; flight line and several large open parking pads. Obviously, the airfield did not have a direct railway connection.

Links

Airfields in the vicinity

Vatla: Highway Strip

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N583359 E0234748 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 75 ft

Location of airfield

3.5 km east of Vatla.

Runways

  • 10/28: ca. 2400 m

Installations

Wide road; a large paved apron at the western end south of the road; an unpaved apron at the eastern end north of the road.

Unidentified Airfields

Internet sources also mention these airfields:

- The airfield of Keila-Joa was located on a later anti-aircraft missile site

Comments and corrections to these airfields are welcome.

Glossary

The following terms might help you for your own research on search engines. I'm not an expert for estonian, so it is without warranty. Corrections and additions are welcome!

Estonian:

AirfieldLennuväli
EstoniaEesti
sovietNõukogude

Russian:

Airfieldаэродром
Airportаэропорт
Call signпозывной
EstoniaЭстония

Related Topics

Air Bases Poland
Air Bases Sweden