Oranienburg: Airbase

Аэродром Ораниенбург (ГДР)

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N524346 E0131250 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 35 m

Location

Former East Germany, District of Potsdam;
today Federal State of Brandenburg.
Germany during the Cold War
Map

During World War II

Usage until 1945

Airfield of Heinkel aircraft manufacturing company.

During the Cold War

Usage

Soviet air base for bomber, transport aircrafts, later helicopters.

In the 1950s

Overview

US sketch 1955 - Source: /CIA 1955/

History

Data from 1955 is from a intelligence report which was released by the CIA in 2009, see link to the National Security Archive below /CIA 1955/. The report consists of 13 topics and 6 comments. The topics are arranged here in chronological order. Several passages, the whole topic 6 and the whole comment 3 are redacted. The text also references a comment 7, which seems to be already missing in the original document.
  • 21 July 1955 Ten Il-28s or U-Il-28s were parked at the field. Only partial observations were possible. Individual Il-28s made local flights.
  • 21 July .. 1 August 1955 10. Between 21 July and 1 August, no changes in the occupation of Weisse Stadt were observed. Renovation work was under way at the first southern stair well of Building No.1. The offices of Lieutenant Colonel Borodulkin (first name unknown) and Major Ilyoyuk (first name unknown) were located at the upper floor of this stair well. The northern stair well of Building No.1, which so far housed female employees, was also under construction. The female employees were transferred to the next stair well and the vacated stair well was used as instruction room for technical personnel. The ground floor, which previously housed kitchen and messhalls, was also renovated for unknown purposes. The three northern stair wells of Building No.11 were also under renovation. A second school for Russian children was planned to be established there. Building No.17 was scheduled to house Officers’ dependents after the renovation.
  • 22 and 25 July 1955 There was air activity by Il-28s or U-Il-28s. Flying in formations of three aircrafts and in squadrons was practiced. Several flights towards a northeasterly direction were observed. The aircraft returned three hours later.
  • 23 July 1955 On 23 July, an AA gun emplacement equipped with four AA guns and numerous tents were observed from Muhrgraben about 500 meters northeast of Leegebruch.
  • ... (redacted) ... Comment. So far it has been assumed that two batteries with 37-mm AA guns were employed for AAA protection at this installation. This is the first time that 85-mm AA guns have been reported as being there.
  • 25 July and 1 August It was estimated that about 42 Il-28s or U-Il-28s were parked at the airfield. ... (redacted) ... Individual Il-28s made local flights.
  • 25/26 July 1955 The following observations were made at the searchlight position on 25 and 26 July: This emplacement was located about 100 meters west of the small settlement north of Vogelweide, and between Zeisig-Strasse and Bachstelzen-Strasse. Eleven beds were installed at a temporary building of the searchlight position. A searchlight which had a diameter of about 1.5 to 1.8 meters and covered with a tarpaulin was observed about 30 meters south of the temporary building. Two small van-like trucks for equipment ... (redacted) ... were seen about 50 meters southeast and about 30 meters west of this building. Personnel truck ... (redacted) ... was parked at the area. Five masts, 10 to 12 meters high, braced with guy wire were located about 80 meters northeast of the temporary building.
  • ... (redacted) ... Comment. The five-mast radio station near the searchlight position is a PKV 45 D/F station.
  • 25 July 1955 Excavation work for new quartering billets started on the Leegebruch side of Oranienburg airfield on 25 July.
  • 29 July 1955 A total of 43 Il-28s or U-Il-28s were counted at the parking area.
  • Aircraft revetments were located near the hangar and along the taxiway leading to the hangar.
  • 1 August 1955 On 1 August, approximately 20 tents were located about 80 meters northeast of the billets under construction. Six tarpaulin covered AA guns were observed in a cavity, about 60 (unreadable), about 50 meters east of the tents. The gun crews, wearing red-bordered black epaulets with artillery insignias, constructed ammunition dumps of round timber. Lieutenant Colonel Filiapov (first name unknown) was in charge of supervision of the construction work.
  • 1 August 1955 Il-28s ... (redacted) ... were parked near hangar No.3. These planes had a vertical grey-blue stripe on the rudder units.
  • The searchlight position was located about 80 meters west of the small settlement ... (redacted) ... Another rod antenna, 6 meters high, was observed about 80 meters north of the first antenna. Six to eight guy wires lead at a height of 3 to 4 meters to pilings which were about 3 to 4 meters high. These pilings were also connected with guy wires. The searchlight position was fenced off by a single wire fence which was about 60 to 80 centimeters high. Major Ilyoyuk (first name unknown) was in charge of the searchlight emplacement. It was learned from Major Ilyoyuk, that another 2 temporary buildings were planned to be erected at two additional searchlight positions. The location of the planned projects was unknown.
  • 2 August 1955 Between 2045 and 2200, two formations of 6 Il-28s took off. These planes were not observed returning.
  • 2 until 15 August 1955 Between 2 and 15 August, no changes of occupation were observed at Weisse Stadt restricted area. Only transfers within the restricted area were made. Renovation work was under way on three stair wells of Building Nr.2 which were formerly occupied by about 150 ground personnel, who wore black-bordered blue epaulets, and were now transferred to Building No. 9. The last stair well of Building No.2 was still occupied by about 150 men who were to be transferred to stair well No.1 after its completion. After renovation of Building No.2, it was planned to renovate Building No.17. Workers employed in renovation work within Weisse Stadt area believed that this work would be completed by about late 1955.
  • Major Koslov (name partially unreadable) (first name unknown), was lodged in the upper story of the fourth northern stair well of Building No.5. The offices of this major were located at the ground floor of the first southern stair case of Building Nr.1.
  • Since 1 or 2 August, a hospital was established on the ground floor and upper story of the first southern stair well of Building No.7.
  • ... (redacted) ... an apartment on the upper story of the first southern stair well at Building Nr.15 was scheduled to house a general in the near future.
  • The walls were dismantled at the four southern stair wells at Building Np.11. A second school for Russian children was planned to be established there.
  • (The referenced comment 3 is redacted)
  • 3 August 1955 Between 2115 and 2300, three formations of six Il-28s and one formation of three Il-28s took off, the return of which was not observed.
  • 4, 8 and 9 August 1955 On 4, 8, and 9 August, van-like truck ... (redacted) ... with a rod antenna was parked about 70 meters southwest of Eden railroad station. The rod antenna was 8 meters high and had several bracings. The noise of a running engine was heard on the days mentioned.
  • (The referenced comment 7 seems to be already missing in the original document)
  • 4 and 9 August 1955 On 4 and 9 August, six canvas-covered AA guns and 19 tents were observed at the AA gun emplacement on the Leegebrucher side of Oranienburg airfield.
  • 8 August 1955 About 36 Il-28s or U-Il-28s were parked at Oranienburg airfield.
  • 13 August 1955 On 13 August, excavation work was completed and brick laying work started on the new quartering billets at the Leegebrucher side of Oranienburg airfield. Construction work was interrupted because of a lack of current supply.
  • (The referenced comment 2 is mostly redacted)
  • 15 August 1955 A total of 42 Il-28s or U-Il-28s ... (redacted) ... were counted at the airfield.
  • 1 ... (redacted) ... Comment. Oranienburg airfield is still occupied by one bomber regiment and a probable reconnaissance regiment both equipped with a total of about 42 Il-28s.
  • 1959 In case of a war, Oranienburg airfield would have had priority 95 as target for US attacks with nuclear bombs at eastern block airfields (including the Soviet Union and China). Within East Germany, it held the third place at this time, after Groß Dölln (priority 70) und Werneuchen (priority 82). Source: //Targets 1959//
  • 22 June 1961 The Soviet controller at the Berlin Air Safety Center (BASC) protested that an American C-47 on a local flight was overflying Oranienburg airfield at 100 meters, interfering with flights, and requested corrective action. The US Mission concluded after investigation that the C-47 had not violated quadripartite safety rules and so notified the Soviets. Source: //CIA Berlin 1961-06//

In the 1960s

Situation

Oranienburg Air Base on a US map from 1969 - (Source: Earth Sciences and Map Library, University of California, Berkeley)

In the 1970s

Situation

Oranienburg Air Base on a map of the US Department of Defense from 1972 - (ONC E-2 (1972), Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin /PCL MC/)

In the 1980s and early 1990s

Runways

Data for the year 1990:
  • 16/34: 2500 m Concrete

Radio beacons

Data for the year 1990:
  • LOM 16: 589 "HL"
  • LMM 16: 286 "H"

Radio communication

The radio call sign of the airfield was ZADAR (ЗАДАР).

Units

1990: 239 GwOVP (Mi-6, Mi-8, Mi-24)

Installations

The airfield was served by rail from the northwest.
Anti-aircraft missile site at Vehlefanz, about 6 kilometers to the west-southwest.

History

  • 1988 "Several sightings of HIP H at Parchim Soviet Airfield (2nd Guards Tank Army) and Stendal Soviet Airfield (3rd Shock Army) indicated these regiments were integrating this latest HIP-series assault variant into their inventories. Through bort number tracking we were able to discern that some of the HIP H had transferred from Oranienburg Soviet Airfield, previously the only base to have the Mi-17." Source: /USMLM 1988/ Source: //USMLM 1988//

Today

Use today

Closed. The former runway has been overbuilt with the federal road B96.The area is used as industrial zone and solar park.

Videos

Sources

  • /USMLM 1988/:
    United States Military Liaison Mission: "Unit History 1988"

Links

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