Cologne, Wahner Heide, RAF Wahn
For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Elevation: 300 ft
Location Indicator: DDKB (195x), EDDK (civ), EDNK (mil), ETNK (mil)
Federal State of Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia).
Germany during the Cold War
The airfield in the Wahner Heide southeast of Cologne was established at the end of the 1930s for the German Air Force. After the Second World War the field was used by the British Royal Air Force (RAF) under the name "Wahn". At the end of the 1950s, the RAF left the field and the Cologne-Bonn international airport came into operation. The airport has a military part, which became the base of the Flugbereitschaft (VIP flight) and which is also used today by the German Air Force.
During World War II
Wahn airfield in World War II on a US map from 1944 - (McMaster University Library Digital Archive, License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 CC BY-NC 2.5 CA /MULDA/)
Installations of former Luftwaffe airfield Wahn on a US map from 1951 - (AMS M841 GSGS 4414, Courtesy Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University /BYU/)
During the Cold War
Used by RAF until 1957. Airport and German Airforce base.
In the 1940s
RAF Station Wahn in 1948
- Tower 6440, 106.74, 117.9
- Homer 106.74, 116.1
1950 - 1957
Royal Air Force base - Master Aerodrome
Wahn RAF base on a map from 1956 - The approach areas to the runways 07, 25 and 14 are protected by restricted areas. The white "E" in the circle symbolizes the Eureka radio beacon
, used by the British at this time. The square around the airport symbol with the "V" underneath shows an VHF direction finder. The black star stands for the coded beacons which is characteristical for British airfields
Red beacon with ident "WH"
Apparently the letter combination for Wahn has been changed from WL (see above) to WH.
In addition to a non-directional beacon (NDB), the field is equipped with the navigation aids Eureka (navigation) and BABS (approach), which were common for British airfields at that time.
- NDB: 294 "WH", Power 100 W
- Eureka: 213R 223T "WH"
- BABS: 233R 228T, for landing directions 07, 25, 14, 32
GCA (Ground Controlled Approach)
Notable is the large number of radio frequencies that have been used.
- Approach 137.16, 130.32, 117.9, 119.7, 111.42, 116.46, 114.66, 121.5, 131.58, 116.1, 117.18, 112.32, 243.0, 255.7, 257.8
- Tower 137.16, 130.32, 117.9, 119.7, 111.42, 121.5, 131.58, 116.46, 243.0, 257.8, 255.7, 237.6, 386.9, 267.2, 269.8, 291.7, 317.5, 323.8, 353.8, 362.3
- GCA 131.58, 130.32, 111.42, 118.1, 137.16, 103.32, 110.7, 100.44, 109.26, 116.46, 119.7, 121.5, 117.9, 131.76, 122.22, 140.58, 108.9, 106.02, 106.2, 108.36, 113.04, 114.84, 116.1, 117.36, 133.74, 148.86, 152.1, 386.9, 360.8, 301.1, 364.7, 237.6, 244.8, 291.7 267.2, 323.8, 327.2, 269.8, 317.5, 362.3, 344.0, 385.4, 243.0, 257.8, 255.7
- Cathode Ray VHF Direction Finder
1957 - 1959
- 07/25: 2438 m x 46 m
- 14/32: 1829 m x 50 m
- : 109.1 "DLW"
- : 279.5 "LW", 250°/0.53 NM
- : 294 "DLW", 250°/3.48 NM
In the 1960s
Cologne-Bonn airport in 1960 - Although the field is now under German administration, this map still shows the identification beacon with the Morse code "WH" next to the northern taxiway.
Cologne-Bonn airport in 1966 - In the meantime runway 14L/32R was put into operation, already equipped with a centerline lighting. No approach lights are shown anymore for 14R. The "propeller" at the ramp marks the helicopter landing area.
In the 1970s
Köln-Bonn Airport on a map of the US Department of Defense from 1972 - (ONC E-2 (1972), Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin /PCL MC/)
Cologne-Bonn airport in 1973 - In the meantime, the new terminal has been opened, as has a new control tower.
In the 1980s and early 1990s
Köln-Bonn in 1984
Cologne-Bonn airport in the early 1990s?
Enlargement: Beginning of runway 25 - This structure is typical for RAF airfields in Germany.
Enlargement: The hardstands at the beginning of runway 07 have been converted to larger surfaces.
Enlargement: Hardstands at the beginning of runway 32L - These structures are also typical for RAF airfields in Germany.
Enlargement: Airbus, Jetstar and VFW-614 of Flugbereitschaft?
Enlargement: A Tu-134 of Flugbereitschaft?
Data for the year 1990:
- 07/25: 2459 m x 45 m Concrete
- 14L/32R: 3815 m x 60 m Concrete
- 14R/32L: 1863 m x 45 m Concrete
Aerial picture 2015/2016
Transport aircraft on the military ramp
Airbus, Transall and helicopter
- Ries, Karl; Dierich, Wolfgang: "Fliegerhorste und Einsatzhäfen der Luftwaffe" Motorbuch Verlag Stuttgart, 1993
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