Brandenburg: Briest Air Base

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Coordinates: N522615 E0122714 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 31 m
Location Indicator: ETBB (198x-), EDUB (2000)
Operator: NVA LSK/LV
Airfield ID: 2134

Location

Germany during the Cold War
Map

Location of airfield

The airfield is located 6.5 km northwest of Brandenburg center and southeast of Briest.

During World War II

Usage

Opened between 1912 and 1914. Later Luftwaffe airbase (Fliegerhorst).

Situation

Briest on a US map from 1943 - (McMaster University Library Digital Archive, License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 CC BY-NC 2.5 CA /MULDA/)

During the Cold War

Usage

1945 until 1956 used by Red Army / Soviet forces. From 1957 until 1990 used by former East German Air Force (LSK/LV). 1990 .. 1994 used by Bundeswehr.

In the 1960s

Situation

Brandenburg Briest Air Base on a US map from 1969 - (Source: Earth Sciences and Map Library, University of California, Berkeley)

In the 1970s

Situation

Brandenburg Briest Air Base on a map of the US Department of Defense from 1972 - The blue lines mark the allied air corridors from and to Berlin (ONC E-2 (1972), Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin /PCL MC/)

In the 1980s and early 1990s

Overview

Brandenburg Briest Air Base on a map in the East German "Directory 012" (Verzeichnis 012, formerly "Top Secret") from about 1989/1990. - Hand-drawn maps were not unusual in the eastern block. Recognizable are the airfield with concrete runway, the taxiways, helicopter hardstands and the location of the RSBN radio beacon.
Taxi trackts for take-off and after landing - still from Verzeichnis 012. - The runway consisted of two sections with different widths. In contrast to the common practice on eastern military airfields, the taxiways in Brandenburg were not designated by numbers but by letters.

Runways

Data for the 1980s:
    Die Start- und Landebahn hatte eine Landebahnbefeuerung. .

    Taxiways, aprons

    The circular taxiway had no lighting.
    Ramp for An-26 at the eastern side of the flightline.

    Radio beacons

    Data for the 1980s:

        Radio communication

        Data for the 1980s:
        The call sign of the airfield was UNRECHT.
        Frequencies: Flight director (Tower): 135,583 (Channel 7) and 124.0 (Channel 1) UNRECHT-START; DF: 130,0 (Channel 4) UNRECHT-PELENG. Position of the DF facility was N522636 E0120108 (S42/83). H24 (1990).

        Telephone

        Stabsnetz S1 53628, code names in 1990: "Häkelgarn" and "Pilzkunde" (command post).
        Microwave radio net (Richtfunknetz, RFN): via district microwave center Potsdam, number 935, code names "Unbehagen" (1978) and "Waagschale" (1987).

        Maps

        Maps from the former East German military airfield manual "Verzeichnis 012" (formerly "secret").
        Situation of the airfield with airways, radio beacons, reporting points and other east german airbases
        Departure routes to VFR flying routes (dashed lines) and airways (radio beacon HKF)
        Approach for main landing direction 253°
        Approach for secondary landing direction 073°

        Standard training routes

        "Flüge der LSK/LV der NVA und der LSK der GSSD im Rahmen der Gefechtsausbildung sind entsprechend der Grafik der Flugtage / -nächte auf der Grundlage der "Hauptflugregeln zum Fliegen im Luftraum der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik" auf Standardflugstrecken in den dazu festgelegten Flughöhen durchzuführen. ..." (Quelle: "Verzeichnis der Standardflugstrecken der LSK/LV der NVA und der LSK der GSSD"
        As of 1989:
        843 Brandenburg, Butzow, Buschow, Wudicke, Genthin, Karow, Schmerzke, Brandenburg
        Flughöhe: 25 - 600 m
        Nur nach Abstimmung mit der VHZ (wenn keine Anflüge zum SP Wittstock in 300 m aus Süd)
        844 Brandenburg, Wollin, Parchen, Schmetzdorf, Brandenburg
        Flughöhe: 100 - 500 m
        845 Brandenburg, Mögelin, SP Klietz, Wust, Möthlitz, Brandenburg
        Flughöhe: 100 bis 300 m
        846 Brandenburg, Wiesenburg, Coswig, Dessau, Aken, Schönebeck, Niegripp, Genthin, Brandenburg
        Flughöhe: 15 bis 500 m
        Nur nach Abstimmung mit der VHZ wenn die Strecken 473 oder 543 nicht beflogen werden.
        847 Brandenburg, Wollin, Parchen, Schmetzdorf, Brandenburg
        Flughöhe: 15 bis 500 m
        848 Brandenburg, Butzow, Roskow. Lucksfleiss, Dretzen, Kade, Groß-Demsin, Briest, Jerchel, Kieck, Brandenburg
        Flughöhe: 15 bis 500 m
        849 Brandenburg, Tremmen, Stechow, Sieversdorf, Strodehne, Hohennauen, Brandenburg
        Flughöhe: 100 bis 300 m
        (Nur wenn am Landeplatz Rhinow nicht geflogen wird)
        850 Brandenburg, Tremmen, Stechow, Klessow, Neustadt (Dosse), Sieversdorf, Strodehme, Hohennauen, Brandenburg
        Flughöhe: 100 bis 300 m
        851 Brandenburg, Tremmen, Wollin, Brandenstein, Genthin, Wust, Brandenburg
        Flughöhe: 15 bis 300 m
        Standard Training Routes from Briest

        Units

        In 1990, the following units were based at Briest:
        - Transporthubschraubergeschwader 34 (THG-34, Postfach PF 43814)
        - Fliegertechnisches Bataillon 34 (FTB-34, PF 33623)
        - Hubschrauberausbildungsgeschwader 35 (HAG-35, PF 78343)
        - Fliegertechnisches Bataillon 35 (FTB-35, PF 78374)
        - Teile Offiziershochschule der LSK/LV für Militärflieger "Otto Lilienthal" (OHS MF, Postfach 78396)

        Real property

        The former East German National People's Army installation id of the airfield was 04/029 or 04/034.
        The fuel depot has been built between 1962 and 1969.

        Installations

        Railway siding from southeast.

        Today

        Usage

        Closed.

        Links

        Bibliography

        • Ries, Karl; Dierich, Wolfgang: "Fliegerhorste und Einsatzhäfen der Luftwaffe" Motorbuch Verlag Stuttgart, 1993 - Allied map
        • Freundt, Lutz: "Sowjetische Fliegerkräfte in Deutschland 1945-1994, Band 1" Freundt Eigenverlag, Diepholz 1998 - Short description about usage by the Red Army. Aerial picture from 1953.
        • Bußmann, Kleest, Freundt: ""11-80, katapultieren Sie!"" AeroLit - Verlag und Medienvertrieb, Berlin, 2004 - Short descriptions about accidents at Briest and other airbases.
        Do you have historical material (stories, maps, photos) or current photos of Brandenburg Briest Air Base or of another airfield, to be published on mil-airfields.de? Then I'm glad to hear from you: Contact

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