Schönhauser Damm: Airfield

Schönhausen, Schonhauserdamm

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN523652 E0120816 (WGS84) Google Maps
Map with location of Schönhauser Damm Airfield, Germany
Germany during the Cold War Map
The history of the Cold War airfields: Schönhauser Damm

During the Cold War


Schönhauser Damm was a Soviet auxiliary airfield with an unpaved runway near the Klietz military training area. It was occasionally used for exercises.


  • June 1952
    Start of construction work, the work is carried out by the East German Bauunion Brandenburg and/or Bauunion Leipzig.
  • Late June 1952
    The area was cleared.
  • Mid July 1952
    Grading works, individual construction sheds are erected, gravel arrived at the field.
  • August 1952
    Leveling work and the cutting of trees is not yet completed. End of August, five carloads of sheet metal are being shipped from Eisenach to Wudicke railroad station.
  • September 1952
    Two lanes about 40 m wide are excavated and then filled with peat dust. Either for two runways or for one runway and one taxiway. The landing field is provided with a layer of humus which is hauled to the installation by means of a narrow-gauge field railroad track. There are some temporary buildings and tents at the field. Runway mats are moved from Wudicke and piled up at the field.
  • January 1953
    Work is still in progress, the field is to be completed by March 1953. About 200 men are employed at the field. Leveling work is completed for the eastern third of the field, it is in progress for the middle section, while the western third is not yet covered with the top layer of earth. A barbed wire fence is being erected around the field.
  • Mid of June 1953
    Runway matting is stacked up at the field.
  • Mid of July 1953
    The runway matting is shipped away again.
  • End of July 1953
    New runway matting is shipped to the field.
  • August 1953
    The field is occupied by a Soviet guard detail of 60 to 80 men.
  • October 1953
    The airfield in unoccupied, the grass cover is in poor condition.
  • November 1953
    There are large piles of runway mats stored in the southern section of the field and additional mats have arrived since late October. This means that there are approx. 40,000 mats stored at the field.
  • June 1954
    The airfield is not occupied by aircraft, but only a small detail of about 25 Soviet Air Force soldiers. More than 100 piles of runway mats are in the south-eastern section of the field.
  • October 1954
    The runway mats are still not laid.
  • February 1955
    Situation is unchanged.
  • June 1955
    A Soviet air force guard detail consisting of about 15 men is stationed at the field. The stacks of runway mats are unchanged. These stacks are 70 to 90 m long, 12 to 15 m wide, and about 7 meters high.
  • July/August 1955
    MiG-15 and Il-10 make low-level attacks to the airfield, firing at large white discs erected at the airfield.
  • 15./16. June 1971
    The Neuruppin ground-attack fighter regiment deploys to Schönhauser Damm. The activity is observed for 31 hours by a team of the US Military Liaison Mission (USMLM).
(Sources: CIA, USMLM)

In the 1960s


Schönhauser Damm Airfield on a US map 1969
Schönhauser Damm Airfield on a US map from 1969
Source: Earth Sciences and Map Library, University of California, Berkeley


Klietz Training Area, GDR 1964
Klietz Training Area on Saturday 14 March 1964 - Viewing approx. to the west.
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Runway Schönhauser Damm
Runway, western part
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Runway Schönhauser Damm, GDR
Runway, central part
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Runway Schönhauser Damm, East Germany
Runway, eastern part
Source: U.S. Geological Survey

In the 1970s


Soviet Schönhauser Damm Airfield, Germany, on a US map 1972
Schönhauser Damm Airfield on a map of the US Department of Defense from 1972 - The field is shown with two parallel runways.
Source: ONC E-2 (1972), Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin


Schönhauser Damm, Germany, 1970
Tuesday 10 March 1970 - The field is covered with snow, which shows more detailed structures.
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Klietz Training Area, East Germany, on a US satellite image 1973
Southwestern part of Klietz Training Area on a US satellite image from 13 August 1973
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Schönhauser Damm Airfield, GDR 1973
Schönhauser Damm Airfield - On this Monday the airfield is partly covered by clouds and their shadows.
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Klietz Training Area on a US satellite image 1976
Klietz Training Area with clouds on a US satellite image from Sunday 08 August 1976
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
The airfield
Source: U.S. Geological Survey


  • 08/26: 2500..3000 m Grass

Radio beacons

  • LOM 26: 339 "XN"
  • LMM 26: 694 "X"

Radio communication

The radio call sign was NAWET.


Soviet MiG-17 from the ground-attack fighter regiment Neuruppin, GDR
In June 1971, Soviet MiG-17 from the ground-attack fighter regiment Neuruppin deployed to Schönhauser Damm
Source: US Military Liaison Mission (USMLM) Unit History 1971

In the 1980s and early 1990s


Aerodrome map





Airfields in the vicinity


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