Merseburg: Air Base

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
The history of the Cold War airfields: Merseburg
by Bert Kondruss
Coordinates: N512151 E0115701 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 340 ft
Location Indicator: EDAM

Location

Map with the location of Merseburg Air Base
Germany during the Cold War
Map

During World War II

Usage

Luftwaffe airbase.

Situation

Merseburg Air Base in World War II on a US map from 1944 - (McMaster University Library Digital Archive, License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 CC BY-NC 2.5 CA /MULDA/)

During the Cold War

Usage

Soviet/russian airbase.

In the 1950s

Units

1954

- Headquarters Soviet fighter division
- Soviet fighter regiment (P. O. Box 62 335),
- A total of 38 MiG-15/MiG-15U were counted at the airfield.
Source: BND/Bundesarchiv B 206/3033
(For the P. O. Box numbers the digits 3 and 5 may be confused, because they are difficult to distinguish in the source document)

History

  • September/October 1954
    Temporary relocation of Fighter Regiment Merseburg to the Dessau Airfield (27.09.-05.10.1954)

In the 1970s

Situation

Merseburg Air Base on a map of the US Department of Defense from 1972 - (ONC E-2 (1972), Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin /PCL MC/)

Radio beacons

Data for the year 1970?:
  • LOM 26: 398 "DK", 4200m
  • LMM 26: 810 "D", 1030m
  • LOM 08: 398 "KD"
  • LMM 08: 810 "K"

In the 1980s and early 1990s

Runways

Data for the year 1990:
  • 08/26: 2500 m x 44 m
  • 08/26 Grass

Radio beacons

Data for the year 1990:
  • LOM 26: 614 "DK", 4200 m
  • LMM 26: 297 "D", 1030 m
  • LOM 08: 614 "LE", 4400 m
  • LMM 08: 297 "L", 1000 m

Radio communication

Call signs: DOVJELOK (196x), MUSKAT (198x)

Units

1990: 85 GwIAP (MiG-29, MiG-29UB, MiG-23UB); Parts of 485 OBVP (Mi-8, Mi-24)

History

  • 1988
    Observation at Merseburg: "The alert aircraft, uploaded with missiles, were observed with generator vehicles standing by. While the FULCRUM may have a self-start capability, this observation indicates the Soviets prefer or require to have generator trucks available for alert status aircraft."
    Source: /USMLM 1988/
  • 1988
    Observation of an "Integrated Combat Turn" (ICT): Downloading the missiles from one MiG-29 FULCRUM and uploading of missiles on another FULCRUM.
    Source: /USMLM 1988/
  • April 1988
    A team of the US Military Liaison Mission observes an air-to-air training between a MiG-29 FULCRUM and a Mi-24 HIND helicopter near Merseburg airfield. "The FULCRUM made attack passes from 5000-6000 feet in a 15-20 degree dive probably simulating IR missile or gun shots against the HIND orbiting at approximately 300 feet. This type of training had never been observed before."
    Source: /USMLM 1988/

Today

Usage

General aviation.

Bibliography

  • /USMLM 1988/:
    United States Military Liaison Mission: "Unit History 1988"

Airfields in the vicinity

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